06 October 2019
Development of Active Tug Escort for Tanker Operations
August’s meeting was held in Sydney jointly with the Company of
Master Mariners of Australia and the Australian Institute of
Navigation. Captain Scott Clinton of the Port Authority of New
South Wales gave an overview of how Active Tug Escort procedures
have been recently developed for use in the port of Newcastle in
New South Wales. Scott is a senior check pilot at the port and
has been instrumental in developing and implementing the use of
tugs for tanker operations in and out of the port.
Newcastle port is the world’s leading coal export port,
exporting over 160 million tonnes per year and is very
experienced in handling large Capsize bulk carriers of about
300m length and 50m beam which arrive in ballast and depart
fully laden. Recently however it has been expecting more visits
by petroleum tankers, particularly LR2 type tankers in the
80,000 – 120,000 DWT range of up to 245m in length, 42m beam and
13.5m draft. These arrive fully laden at the very exposed
entrance to the river port and the challenge has been to
mitigate the risks involved in moving them into and out of the
port. The current passive escort procedures needed review.
A full risk assessment was conducted using simulators, and
mathematical models of swell conditions were made. Designated
tracks were designed for certain common swell conditions and a
limit established. Active escort tugs can deploy rapidly to
assist as a contingency for turning and braking and are a proven
method of mitigating risk in the event of shipboard failures.
Scott explained the six features which combined to take the
guesswork out of using active escort tugs – Risk Assessment, Tug
Suitability, Training Processes, Procedures, Simulator study,
and the use of science rather than the “art” of ship handling.
His main message was, “We don’t guess!”
He explained there was a large amount of information available
especially concerning wind and swell effects on an exposed hull,
the engine output in tonnes at the propeller and the rudder lift
It was possible, for example, to model the forces involved if a
ship’s rudder failed and locked hard over and thus know what tug
forces were needed to counter this type of event.
Simulation studies showed that LR2 ship models could be
effectively handled at the port entrance subject to sea and
weather limits. The entry conditions were also limited by under
keel clearance. It was also vital that the tugs used had a
render recovery type winch and the ship’s bits were OCIMF
Scott then went on to discuss the type of tugs suitable for this
kind of active escort and how they are positioned and also
explained that communication procedures were also reviewed,
moving to Outcome Based Orders where the pilot is using the
expertise of the tug master to achieve the desired outcome, for
example: - Pilot: “Stern to Starboard full” ; Tug Master: “Stern
to Starboard Full – Indirect”.
He also explained the comprehensive training regime implemented
for the pilots to achieve active escort and how the results had
been very good.
This was a thoroughly engrossing presentation which was enjoyed
by all and the ensuing Q&A period showed the interest generated.
Scott was introduced and thanked by the new Chair of the SE
Australia Branch, Kit Rynd FNI.
Kendall Carter AFNI
Maritime (WiM), The Nautical Institute SE Australia Branch -
Breakfast Networking & Panel Discussion Tuesday, 29th Oct,
Doltone House, Sydney.
Click here for Flyer
Kindly supported by The Australasian Marine Pilots Institute (AMPI),
in conjunction with the AMPI2019 Pilotage and Port Logistics
Conference and sponsored by Svitzer Australia.
Time is running out to book your place at the breakfast event of
the year! The SE Australia NI Branch is hosting a breakfast
event. ‘Empowering Women in Maritime – a panel discussion’,
which aligns with IMO’s World Maritime Day theme for 2019.
Participants will have an opportunity to discuss what we can do
together to increase participation of women in ports and harbour
maritime roles in Australia. Our keynote speaker Mrs Henriette
H. Thygesen, Svitzer CEO is one of the most respected
professionals in the maritime industry internationally.
Henriette will be joined by Kirsteen Roberts, Second Mate,
Solstad Offshore; Mike Gallacher, CEO Ports Australia and Capt.
Craig Eastaugh, Marine Pilot-Port Hedland & AMPI board member in
the panel discussion.
This will be a sell-out event so please book ASAP to avoid
disappointment using the following link
https://www.ampi.org.au/event-3357934 see attached
flyer for breakfast details and contact me by email
or mobile 0437681277 for NI and WISTA members discount code.
Attendees to the breakfast are also offered a special rate one
day pass to the conference with some extremely interesting
presentations promised. The highlight presentations are listed
• Pathway to Highly Reliable Pilotage and Port Operations. –
Capt. Jeanine Drummond Harbour Master Newcastle and Yamba
• The Management of Safety in Flight Operations – Capt. Debbie
• Challenges for the Pilotage Industry in the Age of Big Data –
Capt. Ravi Nijjer
• Evidence Based Training – Captain Simon Henderson Phd
• Risk Assessment versus Due Diligence in Marine Pilotage -
Presented By Richard Robinson
• Shifting Legal Landscape of Marine Pilotage – Ambrose
• Lessons From UKC Management – Meg Batchelor, OMC
Please feel free to share this email with anyone you think might
be interested in the event.
Capt. Patrick Walsh AFNI
Assist Secretary SE Australia NI branch.
Join the SE Australia NI branch Group page on LinkedIn for the
latest branch news and updates
Friday 13 September 2019
The International Harbour Masters’ Association (IHMA) has
invited the Nautical Institute (NI) to become an official
endorsing partner of the 12th biennial IHMA Congress that is
being held in Hobart on the 23-26 March, 2020. The 2020 Congress
is proudly co-hosted by Tasports and the Australian Maritime
College (AMC) and will explore the theme, ‘The Next Wave –
Navigating Towards the Digital Future’.
The prestigious IHMA Congress is held every two years and
features a three-day conference & exhibition, a technical site
tour and exciting networking and social program. The 2020
Papers’ Committee is developing a stimulating and thought
provoking programme to explore and identify how ports and port
operations, including Harbour Masters and port customers, will
navigate the digital future.
In order to engage with and attract the next generation of
industry leaders, the IHMA has introduced a new 50% discount for
young professionals and will be launching the inaugural ‘Young
Maritime Professionals Pitching Competition’ at the 2020
Congress. Both opportunities are available to all maritime
professionals aged 35yrs and under across the sector.